The Ellen Clarke Bertrand Library

ENCW 232- Literary Journalism: Citing in MLA

Citation Resources


Above you'll find out more about accidental plagiarism and get our top pieces of advice to help you try to avoid violating the academic honesty policy by mistake. (as a bonus, most of these tips will also make your paper better in other ways!)

If you want to take a deeper dive to feel more comfortable with MLA, try our interactive tutorial (Will take roughly 20-35 minutes to complete). This will give you hands-on experience creating in-text and full citations in MLA style for most source types (articles, books, films, and websites).


MLA Citation Resources Online:


Questions about other styles? Eloise is happy to help!

How do I cite Images!?


Citing a photograph or work of art directly

Format: ArtistLastname, First. Title of Work. Year, Location, City.


Goya, Francisco. The Family of Charles IV. 1800, Museo del Prado, Madrid.

Citing an image found on a website

Format: CreatorLastname, First. “Title of the digital image.” Title of Website, Publisher, Publication date, URL. Access Date.

(Note: If the image has no title, you may describe it but don't use quotation marks ("")


Vasquez, Gary A. Photograph of Coach K with Team USA. NBC Olympics, USA Today Sports, 5 Aug. 2016, Accessed 24 April 2018.

Gilpin, Laura. “Terraced Houses, Acoma Pueblo, New Mexico.” Library of Congress, Reproduction no. LC-USZ62-102170, 1939, Accessed 26 April 2018.

General Guidelines

  • As you draft your final project, cite in-text and as you go to attribute quotes from, paraphrases of, or summaries of a source. 
    • If you create an outline, include citations in it as well so you don't need to go back to try to find what information you get from what source.
  • Often, quotes are best saved for work that you are centering and/or analyzing. If you are referencing general ideas or laying out what research has been done on this topic, paraphrases and summaries are preferred in most cases. 
  • Citation generators can be helpful, but they are often incomplete (including citations from Worldcat or other academic databases). Feel free to use these tools, but always double-check with a model from a trusted source.
    • Need help figuring out the structure of a citation or how to know what pieces of information for a citation you need and where to find them? Librarians are happy to help!