The Ellen Clarke Bertrand Library

Information Has Value


This lesson is designed to help students think about the value of information - as a commodity, as a means of educating, and as a means of understanding the world.  Through reflection and discussion, we’ll explore our roles as both information consumers and information creators, and we’ll talk about information that’s freely available and information that’s not.

Learning outcomes...students will:

  • Consider who has access to information and who does not, and how this relates to the value of information.

  • Explain the importance of crediting others through proper attribution of sources.

  • Describe, in basic terms, the concepts of peer review, copyright, public domain, and the digital divide.

  • Reflect on their roles as information consumers as well as information producers.

Group 1


Explore the Library’s Copyright Research by Subject guide

Be prepared to give the rest of the class a very basic overview of the types of materials protected by copyright and what’s meant by the concept of fair use. Why are these concepts important for us to consider and understand?

Group 4


Explore and consider access to information. Start by reviewing the information presented in this infographic produced by the International Monetary Fund.

Next, review the questions on the “Information has Value” poster.   Be prepared to describe the concept of digital divide to your classmates.


Group 2


Explore the Library’s Copyright Research by Subject guide

Be prepared to describe the concept of public domain to the class.  Demonstrate a Creative Commons search for an image in the public domain. How can Creative Commons help us as information creators as well as information consumers?

Group 5


Explore the concept of peer review. Begin by watching and taking notes on this video clip.

Be prepared to share with your classmates what peer review means, and how the concept of the value of information relates to peer review.



Group 3


This group will explore and present information to describe paraphrasing. Watch this clip, and as a group, create a brief list of tips to help classmates understand paraphrasing.  

How is this relevant to the idea that information has value?


Group 6


Your group will focus on the commodification of personal information.

How does the information you search for impact what you see elsewhere online?

Come up with examples where you see evidence of that happening.

Review this resource as well as this video clip, and create a brief list of tips for the rest of the class to consider about this topic.