The Ellen Clarke Bertrand Library

Workshops on Open Educational Resources (OER)


The Process

  1. Create OER
  2. Test and revise
  3. Apply an appropriate license
  4. Create instructions for student use
  5. Create documentation for faculty/instructors
  6. Share

Based on slide "What do I have to do to create Open Educational Resources?" from 2018 presentation Building OERs by Prof. Greg Szczyrbak and Dr. Chris Stieha. Used with permission.

The Licenses

creative commons public domain license No rights reserved
creative commons attribution license Attribution required. No other restrictions.
creative commons attribution share-alike license Attribution required. New works must contain the same license.
creative commons attribution non-commercial license Attribution required. Non-commercial use only.
creative commons attribution non-commercial share-alike license Attribution required. Non-commercial use only. New works must contain the same license.
creative commons attribution no derivatives license Attribution required. No derivative works.
creative commons non-commercial no derivatives license Attribution required. Non-commercial use only. No derivative works.

From "About the Licenses" by Creative Commons. CC BY 4.0

Considerations for Creating OER


  • Facilitates updating and correcting errors
  • Allows for modification and remixing
  • Consider using technology to build that is free and widely available
  • Consider chunking material so small pieces of content can be updated at a time
  • Apply a license that is compatible with customization


  • Check licenses of borrowed material
  • Get permission to use any material that is protected under copyright


  • Determine how you want the work to be used
  • Apply an appropriate license


  • Compatibility with assistive devices
  • Alt-text for non-text items (like images)
  • Web accessibility checks (WAVE - web accessibility evaluation tool)
  • Audio and video files contain captions and/or transcripts


  • Create within the host site
  • OR create and upload to host site


  • Where to share

Adapted from Tutorial 2: Creating and Modifying Open Educational Resources from Affordable Learning Georgia. CC BY 4.0

Levels of Openness

creative commons license spectrum

By Shaddim; original CC license symbols by Creative Commons, CC BY 4.0

Selecting a License

Authoring Tools for Small-Scale Projects

Content authoring tools range from simple to complex. If you have access to a tool that allows you to create any kind of content (a simple rich text document, a complex program, and anything in between) you can make it available using a Creative Commons license.

A few tools that are readily accessible for content creation (with varying levels of openness) include WordPress for building web sites (if you aren't already using Bucknell's WordPress instance, contact Digital Pedagogy & Scholarship at for more information), Microsoft Office products like PowerPoint and Word or Google Drive for creating documents and visual aids, and Audacity for creating audio content.

To create content within a hosting system, consider the following:

Sharing Your OER

You can easily and readily share through Google Drive or your WordPress site. Creative Commons Search provides a list of content services that allow you to upload and share your CC-licensed work. Here's a list of other platforms that allow you to share.

Worksheet: Creating an OER

Open Images, Videos, and Audio Files

If you need stock images, videos, and audio files for use within your OER, visit the library's Copyright Guide.

On each of the Image, Video, Sound pages, you will find links to open sources for each type of file. Be sure to check licensing for any use restrictions, and for compatibility with the license you plan to apply to your OER.

Sample Large-Scale OER Projects

Resources for Large-Scale OER Projects


Authoring Tools


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