The Ellen Clarke Bertrand Library

Citation Guides

APA (American Psychological Association)

APA is used most frequently in the sciences and social sciences.  Selected online style guides for APA:

MLA (Modern Language Association)

MLA is used most frequently in humanities disciplines such as English, foreign language, and literature.  Selected online style guides for MLA:

Chicago Style

Chicago Style includes two systems of documentation.  The notes and bibliography system is used by many disciplines in the arts and humanities.  The author-date system is used by disciplines in the physical, natural, and social sciences.  Selected online style guides for Chicago:


Kate Turabian's A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations, aimed especially at student writers, is available in print at the Research Help Area on the main level of the library, in the library stacks, and as an ebook.  Except for a few small differences, Turabian is identical to Chicago.  Selected online style guides for Turabian:

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