Open educational resources, also known as OER, are freely available educational materials licensed to permit copying, sharing, editing, retaining, and using (Ernst, Cohen, & Kaufman, 2018).
At Bucknell, we have many options for providing "free" educational resources to students. For instance, students can borrow textbooks and other materials that have been placed on course reserve in the library. Some assigned course readings, including books and journal articles, are available through library databases. Some course materials may be available as open access content on the web. In these cases, students have free access to the materials.
But these resources are not open. To be open, a resource must contain a license that gives users certain permissions. We refer to these permissions as the "5 Rs" (Wiley, 2014).
According to David Wiley (2014), the 5 Rs give us the following permissions:
Anita Walz, Associate Professor and Assistant Director for Open Education and Scholarly Communication Librarian at Virginia Tech created a one-page document that shows how OER are always open access, but open access materials may not always be OER.
A small sampling of open content collections:
Are you ready to learn more about open education and open educational resources?
Contact Jill Hallam-Miller, Interim Director of Research Services and Information Literacy, to find out when we're hosting OER/Open Education workshops or to talk about finding or adopting open educational resources for your courses.
During Open Education Week 2018 (March 5-9), we posed the following question to students via a whiteboard near the library cafe: "If you didn't have to pay so much for textbooks, what could you do instead?" Here's what our students told us...
More reasons to embrace open education and open educational resources...
Ernst, D., Cohen, S. F., & Kaufman, S. (Sept. 2018). Open Textbook Network: PALCI master training deck [PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved from https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1rOlGbzTXB11WbHuxFY0BCZhaG0doWYqDXScyPL4FNlk/edit#slide=id.g7e53c65f682c6f5c_103
Florida Virtual Campus. (2012). 2012 Florida student textbook survey. Retrieved from http://www.openaccesstextbooks.org/pdf/2012_Florida_Student_Textbook_Survey.pdf
SPARC. (2018). Open education. Retrieved from https://sparcopen.org/open-education/
Wiley, D. (2014, Mar. 5). The access compromise and the 5th R. Message posted to https://opencontent.org/blog/archives/3221
Each of the works above, except Florida Virtual Campus, is subject to a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license.
Florida Virtual Campus is subject to a Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial 3.0 Unported license.
This guide contains a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license. It is freely available for modification through the LibGuides community.