Thinking About Census Data
Census data is collected at specified intervals (usually a period of years). While we traditionally think of the Population Census as "Census data" there are many other topical areas for which a Census is produced, including manufacturing, agriculture, and the economy. The Bertrand Library has print volumes for many of the Censuses listed below (for the 1800s and 1900s). All of these volumes are found in the Government Documents Collection on the First Level Mezzanine.
Census of Population and Housing (every 10 years): Information about the demographics and social characteristics of locations are found in the Census of Population. Information about housing conditions and some economic information are found in the Census of Housing. These Censuses are often published separately and are located in two different areas in the Government Documents Collection on the First Level Mezzanine. PDF versions of the Census of Population can be found on the Census website.
Census of Agriculture (every 5 years): Conducted by the USDA every five years, the Census provides a detailed picture of U.S. farms and ranches and the people who operate them. It is the only source of uniform, comprehensive agricultural data for every state and county in the United States.
Census of Manufactures (every 5 years): Provides comprehensive statistics about manufacturing establishments, activities, and production.
Census of Retail Trade and Census of Service Industries (every 5 years): As part of the Economic Census, contains information about the number of establishments, sales, employees, and payroll.