The Ellen Clarke Bertrand Library


General Information

Almost everything is copyrighted and requires permission from its author to use. There are, however, some exceptions.

Some media have been made available for anyone to use, waiving the need to obtain direct permission from the author. For example, a common license is an "Attribution" license, meaning that you can use the media for any purpose as long as you give credit to the creator somewhere in your work.

Creative Commons offers a variety of attribution licenses that creators can apply to their work for public use. Learn more about Creative Commons licensingSearch for works with a Creative Commons license.

Fair Use Guidelines for Educational Media (CONFU)

CONFU (1998 Conference on Fair Use) guidelines may help you clarify the application of fair use of copyrighted works in the digital educational environment. NOTE: They are guidelines, not part of Copyright law. 

CONFU guidelines can be useful for educators and students who are working on educationally-related projects like video podcasting, multimedia projects utilizing sound and videos, etc. This site from Stanford provides additional information.



Disclaimer: This guide covers basic issues of copyright for Bucknell students who may need to use copyrighted information in their course work. It is not intended as legal advice.  More information is available on the Bucknell Copyright Information site.

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Selected sources for video

Citing Video Clips

Always give full credit - your citation should include the creator, title of the work, date of publication, and URL. (Note: Youtube should not be cited as the creator; instead provide the name of the user or company who made the original content)